The Origins – [1.1] Celtic Britain

In the Neolithic, Britain was first settled by Iberian people, as a matter of facts we have a lot of remains left by them: grave mounds contain pieces of pottery. But the most important wonder left by them is Stonehenge, in the South West England. It is built of bluish stone brought 300km from Wales.

Around the 700 B.C. new people began to arrive in England from Germany: the Celts. They were tall, muscular, had fair skin, blue eyes and a blond hair. They were farmer, hunter, fisherman and metal-workers. Celts used to trade iron, tin and silver goods. We also know that their language is very similar to the modern ‘Welsh’ (Wales) and ‘Gaelic’ (Scotland). A typical wear was the today-known-as “tartan”.

A very important character, in many fields, was the ‘Druid’. A priest, important not only in the religion but also in justice, education and medicine. Their ceremonies usually took place in the heart of the forest and not in temples. (Mistletoe is a famous plant coming from these forests).

Celt’s religion was based on the worship of natural elements as the Sun, the Moon, trees and the Water, considered the element from which life born. They believed in the transmigration of the soul. Basically they believed the afterlife was however spent on the Earth, but in caves or hills.

Communicating with the metaphysics and spiritual world was very important for this population. Offerings were recurrent with this rule: more important was the object to offer, more important was the act of the propitiation.